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HttpClient模拟WEB登录ClientFormLogin

java HTML我帮您 1年前  0次浏览
HttpClient 是 Apache Jakarta Common 下的子项目,用来提供高效的、最新的、功能丰富的支持 HTTP 协议的客户端编程工具包,并且它支持HTTP协议最新的版本和建议。
今天给大家拿个官方自带例子ClientFormLogin模拟form表单提交数据进行登录动作,你也可以模拟访问网页动作及得到网页源码内容等等。
/*
* ====================================================================
* Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
* or more contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file
* distributed with this work for additional information
* regarding copyright ownership. The ASF licenses this file
* to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
* "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
* with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
*
* http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
*
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
* software distributed under the License is distributed on an
* "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
* KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the
* specific language governing permissions and limitations
* under the License.
* ====================================================================
*
* This software consists of voluntary contributions made by many
* individuals on behalf of the Apache Software Foundation. For more
* information on the Apache Software Foundation, please see
* .
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*/
package org.apache.http.examples.client;

import java.net.URI;
import java.util.List;

import org.apache.http.HttpEntity;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.CloseableHttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpUriRequest;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.RequestBuilder;
import org.apache.http.cookie.Cookie;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.BasicCookieStore;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.CloseableHttpClient;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.HttpClients;
import org.apache.http.util.EntityUtils;

/**
* A example that demonstrates how HttpClient APIs can be used to perform
* form-based logon.
*/
public class ClientFormLogin {

public static void main(String<> args) throws Exception {
BasicCookieStore cookieStore = new BasicCookieStore();
CloseableHttpClient httpclient = HttpClients.custom()
.setDefaultCookieStore(cookieStore)
.build();
try {
HttpGet httpget = new HttpGet("https://someportal/");
CloseableHttpResponse response1 = httpclient.execute(httpget);
try {
HttpEntity entity = response1.getEntity();

System.out.println("Login form get: " + response1.getStatusLine());
EntityUtils.consume(entity);

System.out.println("Initial set of cookies:");
List cookies = cookieStore.getCookies();
if (cookies.isEmpty()) {
System.out.println("None");
} else {
for (int i = 0; i < cookies.size(); i++) {
System.out.println("- " + cookies.get(i).toString());
}
}
} finally {
response1.close();
}

HttpUriRequest login = RequestBuilder.post()
.setUri(new URI("https://someportal/"))
.addParameter("IDToken1", "username")
.addParameter("IDToken2", "password")
.build();
CloseableHttpResponse response2 = httpclient.execute(login);
try {
HttpEntity entity = response2.getEntity();

System.out.println("Login form get: " + response2.getStatusLine());
EntityUtils.consume(entity);

System.out.println("Post logon cookies:");
List cookies = cookieStore.getCookies();
if (cookies.isEmpty()) {
System.out.println("None");
} else {
for (int i = 0; i < cookies.size(); i++) {
System.out.println("- " + cookies.get(i).toString());
}
}
} finally {
response2.close();
}
} finally {
httpclient.close();
}
}
}





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